Home' The River Weekly News : RWN 091115 Contents THE RIVER - SEPTEMBER 11, 2015
by Gerri Reaves
Fragrant spikesedge (Kyllinga odo-
rata) is a common native wildflower
that typically crops up in lawns and
even among other weeds.
Some gardeners welcome it to
their yards, but others condemn it as a
turf-grass weed. It is also called annual
This perennial sedge is very similar to
a non-native sedge, shortleaf spikesedge
(Kyllinga brevifolia), which has become
a problem weed in parts of the United
States, including Florida.
The non-native’s seedhead, however,
is smaller, globular and green versus the
native’s egg- or thimble-shaped whitish
Fragrant spikesedge creates a shallow
fibrous root system that forms mats or
clumps of dark green aromatic foliage
that reaches up to six inches high.
It spreads via root-like underground
stems and thrives on moisture and sun,
and thus in over-watered lawns. Once it’s
established, ridding an area of it can be
The plant’s most notable character-
istics are the three to four spikey leaves
below the seedhead, which somewhat
resembles a tiny pine cone of less than
a half-inch in diameter. The seedhead
darkens to brown when it matures.
The many flowers produced in the
spike are too small to see with the naked
The plant’s fruit is a small achene,
dry, hard and one-seeded.
Sources: edis.ifas.ufl.edu, ipm.ucdavis.
edu, wildflower.org, wplawinc.com, and
Plant Smart explores the diverse
flora of South Florida.
Fragrant spikesedge is common in moist lawns
photos by Gerri Reaves
It is recognizable for three to four linear leaves and a spikey seedhead
FWC Passes New
Stone Crab Trap Regulations
At its September meeting in Fort Lauderdale, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Con-
servation Commission (FWC) amended its stone crab trap regulations for stone
crab traps used in Collier, Monroe and Miami-Dade counties.
Beginning this year’s stone crab season, the use of round entrances (also known as
throats or funnels) will no longer be allowed for stone crab traps used in state or fed-
eral waters off these three counties. The changes will also require that the rectangular
or rounded rectangular entrances typically used in stone crab traps be no larger than 5
1/2 by 3 1/8 inches at the most narrow portion of the opening.
The changes will bring the gear regulations for these three counties more closely
in line with the way the stone crab fishery has traditionally operated in the region
and prevent the use of stone crab traps to target lobster. The FWC did not adopt any
changes to the allowable size of the overall trap, although that had been considered
The new measures related to configuration of the stone crab trap entrance will be
effective on October 5.
For more information on marine fisheries and stone crabs, visit MyFWC.com/Fish-
ing and select “Saltwater Fishing.”
SCCF Oyster Restoration
submitted by Sarah Bridenbaugh, SCCF Marine Lab Research Assistant
As many of you know, the SCCF Marine Lab recycles oyster shell from three lo-
cal restaurants: The Fish House, The Timbers, and The Lazy Flamingo II (by the
causeway). These restaurants have continued to provide us with shell throughout
the summer and since we began recycling shell in October 2014, over 24,000 pounds
of shell have been kept out of landfills and will be going back into our bay. We are very
excited about this at the lab and wanted to share a small victory with you in the mean
time. I hope to have even better news soon!
Again, thank you for your continued support; we truly appreciate every single
volunteer that has helped us reach this point. Until we get our permits, keep eating
oysters and keep working on those biceps!
For more information about participating in SCCF’s Oyster Restoration Project, call
the SCCF Marine Lab at 395-4617.
Conservation Group Honors
FWC Hunter-Education Leader
The Florida Sportsmen’s Conservation Association honored a Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) hunting-education section leader last
week for his positive impact on resource conservation.
The FSCA presented its Wildlife and Resource Management Award to Bill Cline,
who oversees the FWC’s hunter safety/education and public shooting ranges pro-
grams. The award, which was presented on September 3 at the FWC Commission
meeting, recognizes Cline’s commitment to the highest principles of positive public
outreach and strong leadership to achieve significant impact for conservation.
“Bill is a true leader of the hunter safety program, with the youth hunt program,
and in dealing with other agencies to open shooting ranges throughout the state of
Florida,” said Todd Hallman, FSCA president.
Cline, an FWC employee since 2004, oversees Florida’s hunter safety program,
which certifies 12,000 students each year. Cline credits his more than 700 volunteer
hunter safety instructors for helping make a safe activity even safer. In addition, Cline
also oversees developing and operating FWC public shooting ranges to ensure people
have somewhere to safely practice and enjoy target shooting.
Another important effort that has benefitted from Cline’s leadership is the Youth
Hunting Program in Florida, which provides safe, affordable, mentored youth hunts.
Youth accompanied by a parent or guardian can learn new outdoors skills during
organized, family-oriented hunts.
“I’m honored to be recognized by Florida Sportsmen’s Conservation Association,”
Cline said. “This group, along with our volunteer landowners, HuntMasters and safety
instructors, are making such a big difference in developing the next generation of
hunter conservationists. I can’t thank them enough for the sacrifices they’ve made to
uphold the future of hunting.”
The Florida Sportsmen’s Conservation Association was founded in June 1994 by a
group of sportsmen who shared a vision for creating a conservation organization that
would serve the needs of modern outdoorsmen and their families. The organization’s
goal is help protect and restore Florida’s unique natural resources so generations to
follow can enjoy them.
For more information about FWC outdoor skills education:
• Hunter safety program – http://myfwc.com/hunting/safety-education
• Youth Hunting Program of Florida – http://myfwc.com/education/outdoor-skills/
• FWC shooting ranges – http://myfwc.com/hunting/safety-education/shooting-
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